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  • Writer's pictureDr Ali A Nejat

Iron deficiency in Children

If your child is suffering from one of iron deficiency symptoms, it is better to check for iron level:


Delayed growth or development

Impaired cognitive function;

Decreased memory,

Impaired learning and concentration

Behavioural disturbances

Fatigue

PICA – eating of non-nutritive substances such as paper, wood and soil 1



At school it can cause lower school performances and at home it can cause lots of difficulties in parenting. If neglected it can have detrimental effects on well-being of our children.

If it gets severe it can cause iron deficiency anaemia ( decreased red cells in blood).





What are the risk factors of iron deficiency ?


Infants


Iron deficiency during pregnancy

Prematurity and/or low birth-weight

Multiple pregnancy of mother

Exclusive breast-feeding after 6 months 

Late or insufficient introduction of iron rich solids

Excess cow's milk consumption

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 


Children


Vegetarian or vegan diet

Gastrointestinal disorders e.g. Meckel’s diverticulum, coeliac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, gastric or intestinal surgery or infection Other chronic blood loss


Adolescents


Vegetarian or vegan diet

Heavy menstrual bleeding

Gastrointestinal disorders e.g. coeliac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, gastric or intestinal surgery or infection

Other chronic blood loss 

Extreme athletes






Iron deficiency investigations:


Your doctor can order ferritin level to check on iron reserve and FBE to check on red cells.

In iron deficiency anaemia rec cells get smaller and get less haemoglobin.


Iron deficiency treatment:


Preventive dose for iron deficiency is 1-2 mg/kg/day

Treatment of iron deficiency needs 3-6 mg/kg/day 2

In severe anaemia higher doses can be prescribed. Iron supplement should be continued for 3 month after correction of anaemia to make sure good iron reserve maintained.

Iron supplement can cause constipation or black stool. If constipation happens please visit your doctor to discuss.

In older children high fiber diet can help but for younger ones some times it is necessary to use proper laxatives. 3


For iron rich foods please see below. Please note that in case of iron deficiency, iron supplement needed.


Best sources of iron:


" Animal foods (haem iron) include:


Lean red meats such as beef, lamb and veal.

Chicken, pork (including ham), fish, tuna, salmon and shellfish.

Offal meats such as liver and kidney.Eggs


Plant foods (non-haem iron) include:


Iron-fortified breakfast cereals (check the label to see if iron is added). e.g. WeetBix™,

Farex™, Cerelac™

Wholemeal/wholegrain breads, also some white bread brands have iron

added – check the labels

Legumes e.g. lentils, baked beans, soybeans, kidney beans, chickpeas,

Tofu,

Leafy green vegetables e.g. spinach, parsley, broccoli,Dried fruit e.g. apricots,

sultanas,Peanut butter and nuts (whole nuts are not recommended for children under five),


Milo® or Ovaltine®


for older children Tahini and hommus


Seeds, e.g. sesame seeds" 4



Please share this post to increase awareness of iron deficiency in children.


To book appointment with our doctors in QLD Medical Doctors in Arana hills please see www.qldmedicaldoctors.com.au

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2 Comments


Joe Lie
Joe Lie
Jul 30, 2022

This post tells about iron deficiency in children. Because Checking your child's iron level is recommended if they exhibit any of the following iron deficient symptoms:

delayed development or expansion

impaired mental capacity;

reduced memory,

impaired ability to focus and learn

behavioral problems

Fatigue

Eating non-nutritive materials like paper, wood, and soil is known as PICA.

if you need an assignment Then I suggest that you should contact internal and external financial reporting services. Which will solve your problems.


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culas.conor
Apr 08, 2020

dissertation conclusion writing service and me made a research on iron level influence within different age and realize that we may start giving babies an iron supplement at age 4 months, until he or she is eating two or more servings a day of iron-rich foods, such as iron-fortified cereal or pureed meat.

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